Ophthalmology of high specialty

Congenital cataracts

Congenital cataracts are opacities of the lens that occur in the first three months of life. They are considered the most common ocular abnormalities and represent an important cause of visual impairment in childhood.
This disease is responsible for between 10 and 39% of all blindness caused in children.


Myopia occurs in eyes in which images are focused incorrectly in front of the retina instead of directly on it. The retina is the light-sensitive tissue in the back of the eye that is responsible for processing images.
Myopia can be treated with corrective lenses prescribed as glasses or contact lenses. This condition can also be treated with certain types of eye surgery. Myopia can develop in children.


Astigmatism occurs when the cornea (the outer transparent layer of the eye) does not have the same curvature in all areas. The light coming from objects that enters the eye is focused on more than one spot on the retina, causing blurred and distorted vision.
In the event that the astigmatism is mild, treatment may not even be required. However, most patients will need to use glasses or contact lenses to correct impaired vision.


Farsightedness (poor close up vision) is a refractive error, which means that the eye does not refract or bend light properly and images are not clearly focused. With farsightedness, distant objects are usually seen clearly, but those that are near are blurred.
People experience farsightedness in different ways. Some people may not have any problem with their vision, especially when they are children.

Contact lenses

All children can use contact lenses, no matter what age, the size of the eye or the activities they engage in each day. If your children use glasses, here are five advantages of contact lenses:
- They protect the eye.
- They increase self-esteem.
- They help in the treatment of diseases.
- Real perception of objects.
- No fogging.


It is important that both eyes develop equal vision for there to be normal eyesight. If your child has amblyopia and cannot use his/her eyes normally, vision does not develop properly and may even be reduced. The visual system tends to be fully developed after the first nine years of life and cannot usually be changed.
If treatment of amblyopia is not started as soon as possible, several problems can develop that can seriously affect the transition of vision between childhood and adulthood.

Tumors in the eyes

Ocular tumors can appear on the eyelids, in the eye (the conjunctiva, the choroid and the retina) and in the orbit (the cavity containing the eyeball).
Given their sensitive localization, early diagnosis and treatment are necessary. Time can be of the essence for saving vision or the eye itself.


Strabismus is the deviation of the alignment of one eye in relation to the other, preventing bifoveal fixation. This prevents fixing the gaze of both eyes on the same point in space, resulting in faulty binocular vision which can adversely affect depth perception.
Given its sensitive localization, early diagnosis and treatment are necessary. Time can be of the essence for saving vision or the eye itself.


Dacryocystitis is the most frequent inflammation of the lacrimal excretory pathway and corresponds to the acute or chronic infection of the lacrimal sac.