Arthroscopy is performed through small incisions. During the procedure, your orthopedic surgeon inserts the arthroscope (an instrument with a small camera the size of a pencil) into your knee joint. The arthroscope sends the image to a video monitor. Your surgeon can see the structures of the knee with great detail on the monitor.


If you decide to have a knee arthroscopy, you may need a complete physical examination; the orthopedic surgeon may ask for preoperative examinations. These may include blood cell counts or an EKG (electrocardiogram).


Almost the entire arthroscopic knee surgery is performed in outpatient care.


The first task of your surgeon is to properly diagnose your problem. If surgical treatment is necessary, your surgeon will insert tiny instruments through another small incision. These instruments may be shavers, scissors or lasers.
This part of the procedure generally lasts from 30 minutes to a little more than an hour.


Recovery from knee arthroscopy is much faster than from traditional open knee surgery. You should follow the surgeon’s recommendations and ask someone to accompany you for the first night at home.