As its name indicates, flat foot consists of a flat plantar vault in full contact with the ground. It is characterized by a collapse of the plantar vault due to a deficiency in the ligaments and muscle. It is quite common in young children whose muscular development is not yet complete.
– Sensitivity or cramps in the foot, leg and knee
– Outward inclination of the heel
– Discomfort or changes in the way of walking
– Difficulty running
– Familial tendency (heredity being the most important)
– Injuries to the feet
– Cerebral Palsy
– Spina Bifida or Muscular Dystrophy
Types of flat feet
– Paralytic or Paretic: Related to a fracture due to poor muscular balance
– Traumatic: Related to poorly consolidated fractures
– Static or Postural
– Inflammatory: Juvenile or adult rheumatoid arthritis whose inflammatory process affects the joint.
– Rachitic: Generally associated with the deformity caused by rickets in the knees.
– Flexible flat foot: The foot is flat while the person is standing (weight-bearing), but the arch returns when not standing.
This is an outpatient surgical procedure with a speedy recovery which involves implanting a standard spongy bone screw that keeps the foot in overcorrection.